Analysis OMV update Jan, 18th, 2021
This is not a recommendation or proposal to do anything. It is my private personal opinion. The data written in this article is not guarranteed. It is my private personal opinion. I`m not independing as I own a position of OMV shares. I`m a shareholder of OMV since a few years. I regularly prefer OMV to RDS B were I have as well some shares. OMV performed much better in this period than RDS B. I assume that OMV will outperform big oil as well in the long run.
OMV might generate in normal years revenues of about 25 bn €/a produce 470.000 bl/day oil equivalent 1/2 oil, 1/2 gas in 2020. OMV expands fast. The production rose by aquisitions from 311 mbbl/d in 2016 to the current production. It is roughly 7 x smaller then RDS or XOM. Thats why it is better for OMV to concentrate on tier 2 & 3 opportunities that are less attractive for big oil. OMV main sources are in Romania, about 1/3 of the production, Russia 1/5, Norway 1/4, Austria 1/10, Lybia, NZ... It plans to increase the upstream production to 600k bl/day till 2025 together with a growth in the downstream (8) if not revised due to the corona panic. I do not see this move positive. The portfolio consists of plenty of small projects. The risk is that the focus get lost.
Potential reason to buy OMV is the significant lower valuation and better growth potential compared to its bigger competitors.
In Q4/20 the production of oil & gas recovered to an equivalent of 472.000 bl/day. The average realized oil price recovered to 41.6 $/bl, the realized gas price 9.3 €/MWh. The OMV refineries are expected to be utilized by 85% in 2020 thanks to the integrated production of PE and PP.
The production aim is reduced to 440 - 470.000 bl/day from 500.000 in 2020 (20).
At a share price of 30 € an eps of 5.14 €/share (if poeple calm down from the corona panic) -> PE 9, OMV pays a dividend of 1.75 €/share about 5.8%. It is not expensive at all.
The major risk for all oil companies is the oil price. It seems that supply did outgrow demand. A reason that the oil price stays in current levels is that Iran, Venezuela, Lybia does not produce according to their technical capabilities. The OPEC and Russia capped their production in favor of higher prices. This situation might go on for a couple of years.
An acutal major issue for all oil/gas companies is the falling gas price. It seems that production outpaces demand. A risk is that oil production outpaces demand as well and lower oil prices seems not unrealistic. It is forecasted that the demand growth in the oil market is < 1 mio. bl/d in 2019 and 2020. On the other hand there is some idle capacities as Iran, Lybia, Nigeria, Venezuela that are blocked by various political reasons.
A main specific risk is Lybia. The regular production from Lybia Al Sahara field* is about 35.000 bl/d (OMV share) if not disturbed. The production in Lybia is unstaedy and varies due to the civil war.
Romania is the biggest source of the OMV oil & gas production. The former socialist government increased royalties begin of 2019 and reduced domestic gas prices by regulation. Exxon/OMV stopped investments in the Black Sea(9). The new government lead by Orban annouced to slash the regulations that hinders OMV from further investments (17). It is to hope that this government will stay in office for long.
It is a major risk for oil/gas companies that as soon as companies had done their investment and getting cash out of it it is always the risk that governments get big eyes and squeeze the successful foreign investor.
One of OMV best assets is the share in Borrealis. Borrealis is a plastic manufacturer situated in Austria with a participation in Borrouge. Co - owner is Abu Dhabi. The plastic business is a good compensation to the oil upstream business.
A decline of the oil price is a risk for all oil/gas companies. OMV seems to be a better choice in such a scenario. The strong downstream business, a low debt rate "Consequently, net debt/EBITDA is equal to 0.5x, which is phenomenally low." (5) might be an opportunity for OMV to aquire good assets for low.
The contribution from upstream and downstream varies acc. to relized oil/gas prices and refining/Ethylene margin.
2020 2019 2018
EBIT Upstream (mio, €) 1879 2027
EBIT Downstream (mio. €) 1847 1420
OMV has a large downstream and plastic business (75% share Borrealis/Borrouge). In the economic crises caused by the corona rampage of the political systems all businesses went down. This is a sign for a strong economy. Big ethylene/propylene capacities are coming on stream in countries with low feedstock costs as the US, Canada and Middle East.
The refining margin recovered slightly in q4/20 but still far from satisfactory.
The ethylene/propylene net margin decreased to 375 €/ton which is not that bad as the other indicators.
Source: OMV Investor relations data from business reports.
Est. 20 Q3/20 Q2/20 Q1/20 2019 Q4/19 2018 2017 2016
Oil/gas prod 1000 bbl/d 460 444 464 472 487 480 427 348 311
Oil production 1000 bbl/d 165 177
Gas prodc. 1000/bbl/d 279 287
Revenues bn € 3.7 3.14 4.76 23.5 6.07 22.9 20.2 19.3
Net Income bn€ (.49) 0.024 (.16) 1.68 .355 1.44 0.85 (0.2)
EPS €/share (1.49) .07 (.49) 5.14 4.4 1.33 ---
Free Cash Flow mio. €* 368 (109) 594 (583) 376 -1520 1043
Net Debt bn € 2.85 4.4 4.3 4.69 4.69 2 2 3
Capex bn € .36 1.7 .39 .47 2.3
Prod. cost USD/boe: 7.5 6.2 6.4 6.4
Number of Shares: 326.5 mio.
Share Austrian Government: 31.5%, Share Abu Dhabi 24.9%
- Dividend: 1.75 €/share
A 500 mio. € bond with 4.375% interest is due in oct. 20 and another 500 mio. bond with 4.25% interest is due in oct. 21. A refinancing with an interest rate of 1.5% will provide additional profit of 25 mio/yr.
- Guidance chemical margin: slighly lower than the € 448/ton achieved 2018
*The Lybian Al Sahara oil field is organized in the Akakus comp. with the Lybian national oil company, Repsol (operator), Hydro, OMV, Total as share holders.
Name Shares %
Government of Austria 103,090,000 31.5%
Government of United Arab Emirates 81,490,900 24.9%
The Vanguard Group, Inc. 3,778,203 1.15%
Norges Bank Investment Management 3,618,370 1.11%
JPMorgan Asset Management (UK) Ltd. 2,881,824 0.88%
BlackRock Fund Advisors 2,584,764 0.79%
APG Asset Management NV 1,988,155 0.61%
Amundi Asset Management SA (Investment Management) 1,890,464 0.58%
Grantham, Mayo, Van Otterloo & Co. LLC 1,389,379 0.42%
Erste Asset Management GmbH 1,310,000 0.40%
OMV has a share of 75% at Borrealis, the remainder ist owned by Abu Dhabi. Borrealis founded together with the oil company of Abu Dhabi the Venture Borrouge. The combined polyolefine capacity exceeds > 8 Mio. to/yr. or annual revenues of about 8bn
2020/05 There seems to be some disorder in the OMV management team of OMV. The board (Aufsichtsrat) decided to examine the travel expensis and sponsoring ex. a soccer club that is tied to the Russian president of the CEO Seele.
2020/03 OMV beabsichtigt seinen Anteil an Borrealis von 36% auf 75% zu erhöhen. Mit Mubadala werde derzeit den Erwerb eines zusätzlichen 39% Anteils für einen Kaufpreis von USD 4,68 Mrd. verhandelt, teilt die OMV mit. Die potenzielle Transaktion würde die Wertschöpfungskette der OMV im petrochemischen Bereich erweitern. Die Beteiligung der Mubadala an Borealis würde nach Closing der potenziellen Transaktion 25% betragen.
2019/07 Die OMV beabischtigt mit dem indonesischen Chemiekonzern Chandra Asri zu kooperieren. Ich wäre nicht erstaunt wenn das nächste Projekt der OMV in Indonesien statt findet. Aus Sicht eines Aktionärs ist es nicht ideal wenn OMV seine Aktivitäten auf zu viele Länder verstreut.
2019/07 Die OMV, hat die Investitionsentscheidung über EUR 64 Mio zum Bau einer ISO C4 Anlage getroffen - nun beginnt die Bauphase: Die Errichtung der neuen Anlage wird im Sommer 2019 in der Raffinerie Burghausen starten, die Inbetriebnahme ist für September 2020 geplant. Ab diesem Zeitpunkt kann in Burghausen hochreines Isobuten mittels einer neuartigen Technologie hergestellt werden. (15)
2019/01 OMV and co-owning companies, OMV share 25%, plans to increase the production of the Wisting oil field off the coast of Norway. It is planned to invest 6bn$. The expected yield is 440 mio. bl of oil. Production start is 2026 (7)
2018/11 The US administration threatens to use coercive measures to stop Nordstream 2 from Russia to Germany.
(11) 2019/04/10 https://de.reuters.com/article/sterreich-omv-idDEKCN1RM0SX
(10) 2019/03/18 https://orf.at/stories/3115460/
(9) 2019/02/07 https://industriemagazin.at/a/omv-macht-nach-dem-abu-dhabi-deal-pause-bei-zukaeufen
(8) 2019/01/28 https://kurier.at/wirtschaft/omv-kauft-um-22-milliarden-euro-raffinerie-anteile-in-abu-dhabi/400389947
(7) 2019/01/18 https://industriemagazin.at/a/omv-plant-milliardeninvestitionen-in-norwegen
(6) 2019/01/14 https://de.reuters.com/article/sterreich-omv-idDEKCN1P80KW
(4) 2018/11/14 https://www.boerse-express.com/news/articles/die-usa-verschaerfen-gen-omv-und-co-den-ton-63098
(3) 2018/11/09 https://kurier.at/wirtschaft/omv-laesst-sich-malaysia-bis-zu-800-mio-dollar-kosten/400319748
(2) 2018/11/07 https://www.offshoreenergytoday.com/panoro-buying-omv-tunisia-for-65-million/
(1) 2018/10/31 https://www.sn.at/wirtschaft/oesterreich/omv-chef-seele-sieht-bestes-ergebnis-seit-zehn-jahren-59688301